Practice with if-clauses

Complete the lyrics while you listen to the songs

There are three main types of if-clauses (conditional sentences):






if clause

main clause


condition possible to fulfil

Simple Present

will-future (or Modal + infinitive)


If I study,

I will pass the exam.


condition in theory possible to fulfil

Simple Past

would + infinitive


If I studied,

I would pass the exam.*


condition not possible to fulfil (too late)

Past Perfect

would + have + past participle


If I had studied,

I would have passed the exam.*

* We can substitute could or might for would (should, may or must are sometimes possible, too).

Beatles [With a little help from my friends]

What if I out of tune (to think - to sing)

up and walk out on me ( to stand)

me your ears and I you a song (to lend - to sing)

And not to sing out of key (to try)

Oh, I get by with a little help from my friends

Pink Floyd [I wish you were here]


How I wish, how I wish you here. ( to be)
We're just two lost souls
Swimming in a fish bowl,
Year after year,
Running over the same old ground.
What have we found?
The same old fears.
Wish you here. ( to be)

Pink Floyd [If]

If I a swan, gone. (to be - to be)

If I were a train, late. ( to be)

And if I a good man, (to be) talk with you

More often than I do.

If I to sleep, I dream. (to be - can)

If I afraid, hide. (to be - can)

If I insane, please put (not - to go )

Your wires in my brain.

Alanis Morissette (That I Would Be Good )


That I would be good Even if I nothing (to do)

That I would be good Even if I the thumbs down (to get)

That I would be good If I

and sick (to get / stay)

That I would be good Even if I 10 pounds (to gain)

That I would be fine Even if I bankrupt (to go)

That I would be good If I my hair and my youth (to lose)



Lying in my bed I hear the clock tick, And think of you
Caught up in circles confusion Is nothing new
Flashback warm nights Almost left behind
Suitcases of memories, Time after

Sometimes you picture me I'm walking too far ahead
You're calling to me, I can't hear What you've said
Then you say go slow I fall behind
The second hand unwinds

If lost, you can look and you me, (to be - to find)

Time after time

If you (to fall)

I you, (to catch)

be waiting, ( to be)

Time after time

Exercise created by Roberto Cuccu 01-11-2013